International


In Spanish, but here is a Google translation in English

 

http://www.elciudadano.cl/2012/11/10/59785/lineas-telefonicas-promueven-el-aborto-seguro-en-sudamerica/

Líneas telefónicas promueven el aborto seguro en Sudamérica

Hartas de las restricciones impuestas a los cuerpos femeninos, colectivas e individualidades sudamericanas han optado por la acción directa a través de líneas telefónicas autogestadas que guían a las mujeres a tener un aborto seguro con pastillas. Otra estrategia para llegar a la ansiada y necesaria despenalización total.

La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) calcula que anualmente en el mundo se practican cerca de 20 millones de abortos de alto riesgo y que el 99,9% de la mortalidad materna por aborto en condiciones de ilegalidad ocurre en los países no desarrollados. Por esta razón, cada 28 de septiembre miles de mujeres americanas y caribeñas se manifiestan por su despenalización, que en la región suma cuatro millones de casos al año, en un marco de legislaciones restrictivas y criminalizadoras.

Desafortunadamente, Chile, junto a Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras y República Dominicana, son los únicos países latinoamericanos que prohíben el aborto en cualquier circunstancia. Otros aceptan la interrupción del embarazo por razones terapéuticas o de violencia sexual, pero concretarlo implica superar todos los obstáculos impuestos por la burocracia médica, los sectores políticos conservadores y la iglesia.

TENGO UN GRAVE PROBLEMA

Según la propia OMS, el misoprostol (o misotrol) es la manera más segura para quienes deseen abortar sin complicaciones hasta las doce semanas, aunque su uso original es la prevención y tratamiento de las ulceras gástricas. Como potencial abortivo, en nuestro país se vende con receta, pero el mercado clandestino es amplio.

Por esta razón, en 2009, la agrupación Feministas Bio Bio replicó una inédita experiencia en estas tierras: la Línea Aborto Información Segura (LAIS), un servicio autogestionado de telefonía donde llaman mujeres que necesitan orientación para abortar de manera segura con misotrol. Rápidamente, fue necesario congregar más gente y el proyecto se hizo extensivo a Iquique, Valparaíso, Santiago, Temuco y Valdivia, lugares desde donde se contesta actualmente el teléfono.

“Decidimos responder con algo concreto y más radical, ya que no se ha avanzado nada desde la legalidad y se ha retrocedido en la concepción que tiene la gente sobre el aborto. La línea, además, es una estrategia para avanzar hacia la despenalización”, explica Zicri Orellana, de Lesbianas y Feministas por el Derecho a la Información, agrupación que hoy se hace cargo de la línea en la capital penquista, y que también realizan talleres y se aprontan a sacar un par de publicaciones relativas al tema.

“Apuntamos a que el aborto deje de ser un crimen, que no es lo mismo que la legalización, porque eso implica que el Parlamento defina bajo qué condiciones las mujeres pueden abortar. A nosotros nos interesa abortar cuando se nos de la gana: en nuestra casa, con nuestras amigas, de manera autónoma”, agrega.

Las telefonistas son voluntarias y están capacitadas para responder las dudas. Contestan desde las 7 de la tarde a las 11 de la noche, ya que todas son trabajadoras o estudiantes. “Informamos sobre cómo usar las pastillas, una vez que ya se han conseguido; no las vendemos. Por lo mismo, también ayudamos a identificar si son falsas”, explica.

No preguntan nada, sólo entregan información. Los datos entregados espontáneamente por las 10 mil llamadas acumuladas en sus tres años les permiten identificar un perfil: llaman mujeres desde 18 hasta 40, estudiantes y trabajadoras, madres, inmigrantes; a veces llaman sus parejas, pero no se entrega la información a hombres.

Zicri explica que ha habido 3 o 4 intentos de criminalizar la línea, pero no han fructiferado: “buscaban saber si vendíamos pastillas y si damos la información a menores de18 años, lo que no hacemos. También se intentó acusarnos de asociación ilícita, de inducción al aborto y de apología al delito, pero ninguna de estas denuncias fue admitida”.

Sin embargo, el Estado chileno si ha criminalizado a una niña de 15 años de la Octava Región, quien tras ocultar un embarazo producto de incesto, de violaciones y abusos sexuales, tuvo un parto adelantado en el que murió el feto. Hoy se encuentra esperando un veredicto judicial que manchará sus papeles de por vida y estigmatizada como infanticida por los medios de comunicación masivos.

LARGA DISTANCIA INTERNACIONAL

Pero la línea nacional tiene sus raíces en la experiencia ecuatoriana nacida en 2008. En la actual Constitución de ese país, vigente desde 2008, los casos de aborto no punibles son en caso de que el embarazo ponga en peligro la vida o salud de la mujer, y cuando este sea producto de una violación a una mujer demente o idiota. Datos de la OMS indican que en el país hermano cada cuatro minutos aborta una mujer.

Esta alarmante cifra inspiró la creación de la línea Salud Mujeres Ecuador, “ante la necesidad de que las ecuatorianas puedan acceder a información sobre aborto seguro, frente a la inoperancia del Estado en tratar este tema”, indican desde la Coordinadora Política Juvenil por la Equidad de Género. La dinámica y los horarios de atención son casi iguales a los de Chile.

Sus estadísticas muestran que el 35% de mujeres que llamaron a la línea tenían entre 18 y 22 años, siendo el promedio de edad de las mujeres que llamaron 20 años.

En Septiembre de 2010, la línea fue suspendida por orden de la Fiscalía, quien había recibido una denuncia y una orden de investigación por parte de la Comisión de Salud de la Asamblea Nacional. Las activistas buscaron otro número, que sigue funcionando, y la denuncia quedó en nada.

Además de talleres, trabajan con otras organizaciones y pertenecen al Frente Ecuatoriano por los Derechos Sexuales y Derechos Reproductivos, “desde donde hacemos lobby en la Asamblea Nacional, para presionar en el tema coyuntural que es el Aborto por Violación”.

En el caso argentino la línea “Aborto: más información, menos riesgos” surge en 2009 “para facilitar la independencia de las mujeres, ante la mirada hegemónica médica que se cubre detrás de una ley, para establecer un doble discurso que les de ganancia económica. También para politizar el lesbianismo desde un lugar diferente al del matrimonio igualitario y la maternidad”, señalan sus coordinadoras.

Datos del Ministerio de Salud cifran entre 500 mil y 600 mil el número de mujeres que abortan al año en ese país, lo que quiere decir que toda mujer, en promedio, aborta dos veces en su vida.

HORIZONTES

Los contactos internacionales y los números de las tres líneas son similares: entre 10 mil y 15 mil llamadas desde su funcionamiento; 10 a 15 llamadas por día. Sin embargo, las perspectivas van más lejos. “Nuestro trabajo como colectiva va encaminado a la despenalización total del aborto, legal y socialmente. Queremos que el Estado garantice el acceso a todas las mujeres a un aborto, legal, gratuito y seguro en los hospitales públicos, lo que va de la mano con una educación sexual integral y con real acceso a métodos anticonceptivos”, explican desde Ecuador.

“No queremos hacer educación sexual porque no nos corresponde, aunque podemos aportar con nuestra experiencia. Lo que nos interesa es informar que el aborto se puede prevenir si los hombres usan condón, y si siendo mujer, eres lesbiana”, indica Zicri Orellana de la línea chilena.

“Buscamos que el misotrol se incluya gratuitamente en la provisión estatal y se promueva la investigación científica para mejorarlo”, dicen desde Argentina.

Para todas ellas el cómo abortar debiese ser un contenido mínimo de la educación, porque hoy el nivel de información es muy precario. “Hay mujeres que llaman a la línea diciendo que quieren abortar porque la noche anterior tuvieron una relación sexual y no se cuidaron. Es decir, ni siquiera saben que existe la “pastilla del día después”. Hay mujeres que no tienen idea de nada y eso no puede seguir pasando”, concluye Zicri Orellana.

El número de la línea en Chile es 889 18 590

+ INFO:

www.womenonwaves.org

Por Cristóbal Cornejo

El Ciudadano

by Jennifer Daw Holloway, Ipas

11 October 2012 

http://www.rhrealitycheck.org/article/2012/10/11/an-unmet-need-world%E2%80%99s-women-provider-stories-second-trimester-abortion

 

If you work in reproductive health or public health you often hear people talking about the “unmet need for contraception” in a certain country or region. But here’s an unmet need that never gets discussed outside of small circles: second-trimester abortion.

 

Millions of women die or are disabled every year from unsafe abortion. Two-thirds of the women who suffer or even die are those who had an unsafe second-trimester abortion. No one really wants to talk about it but second-trimester abortions are often a medical emergency. And if they’re performed unsafely, women die. But with appropriate provider training, we can save women’s lives.

 

In the United States, most women who end up seeking a second-trimester abortion are disproportionately young and poor. They may not recognize signs of pregnancy early on, or they may delay seeking care for financial reasons. And then there are health reasons for later abortion, such as in cases where a wanted pregnancy goes horribly wrong and either fetal abnormalities or the woman’s health make the procedure necessary.

 

In the rest of the world, the picture is much the same. There is one difference, however: As many barriers to safe second trimester abortion as exist in the United States, barriers are that much greater in the global south. Many women facing complications from unsafe procedures have nowhere to get follow up care. And many women don’t make it.

 

At the World Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology (FIGO 2012), now underway in Rome, Italy, Ipas and the FIGO Working Group on the Prevention of Unsafe Abortion sponsored sessions on second-trimester abortion in low-resource settings. In Nepal, for example, where safe abortion-including second-trimester abortion-is integrated into the national health system, providers have to turn some women away for various reasons… only to find that despite warnings and counseling, the woman sought an unsafe procedure and was seriously injured or even killed. Providers remember these women’s faces and their stories; they recall the woman’s fear and emotional pain like it was just yesterday.

 

Dr. Alfonso Carrera, a Mexican gynecologist, says in the last year he has seen 160 second-trimester abortion cases. Why? The health system failed these women. Some have been raped, he says. Some are just teenagers. With few options and few resources, they come to him because other health facilities won’t see them. “One woman said if I couldn’t help her she would kill herself,” he says with tears in his eyes.

 

Another doctor in Africa says he only knows of a handful of providers in his country who will perform a second-trimester abortion-and all are in a major city, hundreds of miles from women in rural provinces.

 

In Ethiopia, 20 to 40 percent of women seeking abortion are second-trimester cases. In South Africa, roughly 25 percent of abortions are performed in the second trimester. Like in other countries, despite the law allowing for abortion up to a certain point in second trimester, some facilities set their own guidelines, shortening the time period during which they’ll perform a second-trimester abortion. Providers are often reluctant to perform these abortions because of stigma. A nurse in South Africa said “other professionals call you a murderer.”

 

And don’t forget the stigma women face. In Colombia, women are sometimes given the fetal remains in a plastic bag, or are put in the labor ward-seemingly as punishment for their decision to terminate a difficult pregnancy.

 

But, second-trimester abortion services are achievable even in low-resource settings. Providers need clinical and networking support from colleagues. In Nepal, providers have developed an exchange program with providers in Ethiopia, another country where second-trimester abortion care has been improved with legal reform and buy-in from the government. The World Health Organization’s most recent safe abortion guidance includes recommendations on abortion after 12 and 14 weeks.

 

Providers around the world who are willing to perform second-trimester abortion care all agree: The challenges and barriers are great. They call for more training, particularly for whole-site training to sensitize all staff, even those working in reception or in janitorial positions.

 

For both women and providers, this is no easy decision. As advocates for women’s sexual health and rights, should we dismiss this population’s rights? Safe abortion is part of the spectrum of reproductive health care. How can we ignore this unmet need for safe second-trimester abortion services?

http://awid.org/News-Analysis/Issues-and-Analysis/Evidence-Based-Advocacy-Expanding-Our-Thinking-About-Repeat-Abortions

Source: RH Reality Check

 

18/10/2012

About 1.2 million abortions are performed in the United States every year, and of women seeking abortions, about half have had an abortion before.

Women who have had more than one abortion are often targets of public-health interventions designed to increase women’s use of post-abortion contraception, or, to put it another way, to prevent them from having another abortion. Instead of seeing these women as “repeaters,” it’s time we viewed each abortion as a unique experience with its own set of complex circumstances.

Tracy Weitz and Katrina Kimport, sociologists with Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), analyzed the interviews of ten women who’d had multiple abortions (full disclosure: I interned at ANSIRH this summer). Their research was part of several larger studies. The women interviewed varied in age, race, and geographic location, although most were from the Northeast or the West Coast. Together, they’d had a total of 35 abortions. Weitz and Kimport examined how these women thought about each abortion experience. Were they similar or different from each other? How did the circumstances of each abortion affect women’s emotional outcomes?

The researchers found that women talked about their abortions as separate events. Each abortion came with its own set of unique emotional and social circumstances, some more difficult or easy than others. In other words, a woman who’s had three abortions wasn’t repeating the same experience each time. Health interventions and policies that target women who have had more than one abortion should take into account that each abortion —and the circumstances of that pregnancy—may reflect a different emotional experience.

Weitz and Kimport argue, “It is important to recognize that some abortions can be emotionally easier or harder; it is problematic to instead think about abortion as being harder or easier for some women.” That is, just because a woman has had multiple abortions does not mean that each one was a product of the same circumstance. In fact, women reported that they wanted different types of support based on the circumstances of each abortion.
Similarly, providers should not assume that a woman with a history of multiple abortions will have the same emotional or contraceptive needs after each abortion. In fact, Weitz and Kimport found that some women avoided going to the same provider for each abortion because they feared being judged for having multiple abortions or having to hear the same contraceptive-counseling script. Providers should not make assumptions about their patients’ needs based on the number of abortions they’ve had.

Even our so-called pro-choice allies place judgments on women who have had multiple abortions. Mainstream pro-choice organizations often shy away from acknowledging that some women have more than one abortion. Instead of worrying that discussing multiple abortions will rile up the anti-choice movement, we should focus on de-stigmatizing the experience of abortion, no matter how many times a woman needs to access this service.
Women who have had multiple abortions should not be viewed as a separate class of people from women who have had one abortion. Indeed, it may be that the women who have only one abortion over an average of 35 years of trying not to become pregnant, are the rarer ones. Instead of targeting just the women who have had multiple abortions for public-health interventions, the researchers suggest that we offer emotional support based on the context of each abortion.
We should understand women who have had multiple abortions through their individual life experiences rather than judging them on their pregnancy history. If we want to better meet women’s emotional needs around abortion, we can start by using the phrase “multiple abortions” instead of “repeat abortions,” and moving away from policies that seek to prevent “repeat abortions.” To support women who have had multiple abortions, we need to acknowledge that some abortions may be more difficult than others.

Environ 40 millions d’avortements auront lieu dans les pays en voie de développement cette année. La plupart de ces procédures seront non médicalisées et pratiquées dans la clandestinité, avec de graves conséquences sur la vie d’innombrables femmes. Chaque année, 47 000 femmes meurent à cause de complications liées à l’avortement non médicalisé et millions d’autres sont blessées, dont certaines grièvement et de façon permanente. Ces décès et blessures sont presque entièrement évitables.

Afin d’assurer que le débat mondial sur l’avortement non médicalisé et ses conséquences soit informé par des faits, le Guttmacher Institute a créé une courte vidéo présentant les données probantes essentielles sur l’avortement dans le monde.

La vidéo vise à informer les discussions des décideurs, du public et des médias au sujet de la prestation de services d’avortement médicalisé – des services essentiels aux soins de santé reproductive qui sont bénéfiques pour les femmes, leurs enfants et la société. La vidéo fait ressortir plusieurs points clés:

  • Partout dans le monde, des femmes se font avorter, et ce pour des raisons similaires qui incluent le manque de moyens d’élever un enfant ou un enfant de plus, l’instabilité de leur relation et le besoin de poursuivre leurs études.
  • La fréquence de l’avortement a beaucoup moins à voir avec son statut juridique qu’avec le taux de grossesses non planifiées, la cause fondamentale de la plupart des avortements. Les taux de grossesses non planifiées sont directement liés à l’accès aux services de planification familiale de qualité.
  • La meilleure façon de réduire le recours à l’avortement n’est pas en niant aux femmes l’accès à des procédures médicalisées et légales, mais en leur donnant le pouvoir de contrôler leur fécondité et de prévenir les grossesses non désirées. Aujourd’hui, 222 millions de femmes dans les pays en voie de développement veulent éviter une grossesse, mais n’utilisent pas de méthode contraceptive moderne.

Réduire l’incidence de l’avortement non médicalisé est un impératif de santé publique. C’est un droit fondamental de chaque femme de pouvoir décider si et quand elle veut avoir un enfant, sans devoir mettre sa santé ou sa vie en danger.

Vous pouvez regarder la vidéo sur notre chaîne YouTube. S’il-vous-plaît partagez la vidéo, ainsi que vos réactions sur notre page Facebook.

Ici vous trouverez plus l’information :

 

An estimated 40 million abortions will take place in the developing world this year. Most of these procedures will be clandestine and unsafe, taking a terrible toll on women’s lives. Every year, 47,000 women die from unsafe abortion and millions more are injured, some seriously and permanently. These deaths and injuries are almost entirely preventable.

To help ensure that the global debate about unsafe abortion and its consequences is informed by facts, the Guttmacher Institute has created a short video presenting key evidence on abortion worldwide.

http://www.guttmacher.org/media/inthenews/2012/10/04/index.htmlThe video aims to inform discussions by policymakers, the public and the media about the provision of safe abortion services—making clear that such services are essential to reproductive health care which in turn benefits women, their children and society. The video makes several key points:

  • Women have abortions in all parts of the world and they have them for similar reasons, which include being unable or too poor to care for a child or additional children, not being in a stable relationship, and needing to finish their education.
  • The frequency of abortion has much less to do with its legal status than with levels of unintended pregnancy, the root cause of most abortions. Unintended pregnancy rates have everything to do with whether a woman has access to quality family planning services.
  • The best way to reduce the need for abortion is not by denying women access to safe and legal procedures, but by giving them the power to control their fertility and prevent unintended pregnancy. Today, 222 million women in the developing world want to avoid pregnancy but are not using a modern contraceptive.

Reducing the incidence of unsafe abortion is a public health imperative. It is the basic right of every woman to be able to make her own childbearing decisions without having to put her health or her life at risk.

You can watch the video on our YouTube channel. Please consider sharing it with others and tell us your thoughts on our Facebook page.

See here for more information:

 

28 September – International Day of Action for the Decriminalisation of Abortion!!

 

This day of action is co-ordinated by the International Campaign for Women’s Right to Safe Abortion, theLatin American and Caribbean Campaña 28 de Septiembre, and the Women’s Global Network for Reproductive Rights. We call for action in every country in support of women’s right to safe abortion as a public health and human rights issue.

 

In every world region, in as many as 50 countries, abortion rights groups, women’s health and rights and human rights groups and other NGOs, as well as national coalitions, regional networks and international organisations who support safe abortion have responded to this call.

This global map gives a snapshot of all the activities taking place and will continue to be updated.

 

Reports from around the world of these activities can be found at:  http://safe-abortion-womens-right.tumblr.com/archive 

These activities include: public meetings, press conferences, demonstrations, debates, information days, solidarity campaigns, parliamentary lobbying, street theatre, flash mobs, discussion groups, tweetathons, blogs, reports, book launches, radio and TV programmes, films, videos, festivals, values clarification workshops, creating artwork and selling bags/shirts/hats with slogans on them, distributing informative newsletters and leaflets, and holding local and community-based awareness-raising activities.

 

The International Campaign for Women’s Right to Safe Abortion was launched in April 2012. It has been endorsed by more than 620 groups and individuals all over the world in just a few months. We believe in and advocate for safe and legal abortion as a woman’s human right. Women must be able to take decisions about their own bodies and health care free from coercion: this includes the decision to carry a pregnancy to term or seek an abortion. No woman should be obliged to continue an unwanted pregnancy.

  • Women’s human rights should be respected, protected and fulfilled.
  • No woman’s health or life should be placed at risk because safe abortion services are not available to her.
  • Abortion should not be restricted, prohibited or criminalised.

Read the full statement from the Campaign for 28 September.

Join us on Twitter: @Safeabortion1

We invite everyone who supports women’s right to safe abortion to join the Campaign:  safeabortionwomensright@icma.md

WGNRR: September 28 Global Day of Action website

 

We are very excited to announce that the website for the September 28 Global Day of Action for Access to Safe and Legal Abortion is now live!

This website is a platform for all reproductive justice activists who have chosen to mobilise on September 28 Global Day of Action to make their demands heard. The website records the actions individuals, organizations and governments worldwide are taking to defend, protect and fulfill women’s right to accessible, safe and legal abortion. It offers resources and educational materials on abortion rights advocacy as well as equips activists with hands on materials for action taking.

 

We encourage you to share your planned activities for September 28 and we welcome your agreement to feature your activities and your calls for action along with your logos on the website.  You can see the examples of the planned actions by several organizations which mobilise for September 28 in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America here: http://www.september28.org/september-28-actions/

 

If you wish your activity to be featured on the website, please send us an email to sept28global@wgnrr.org following the suggested format:

 

Name of the Organisation:

Country:

City:

Name of the event:

Date:

Location of the event and contact details:

 

(Please indicate the exact address and the contact numbers – optional)

 

Type of the event:

(Public action: street demonstration, banner-drops, information stands, street play, flash mob, photo/art exhibit; Awareness raising activity: forum, meeting, workshop/training, cultural event; Other, please specify)

 

Short description of the event:

 

(Please tell us what your event is all about; who is your target audience; how many attendees you expect to have; what issues you will address; who will be your speakers; what outcomes/results do you expect the event to achieve; how will you involve young people; any other relevant information)

 

Do you mind if the information about your event is mentioned on September 28 website?   Yes/No

 

(We will appreciate if we can mention the information about your event, so that those interested can join in action. However, if you have any security concerns, please inform us)

 

Furthermore, we have developed visual materials for WGNRR members, partners, and all reproductive justice activists to be used on the Day of Action, which we gladly share with the members of the International Campaign. The materials can be downloaded, printed and further distributed through your networks or used during your event. All downloadable materials in English, French, Spanish can be found here: http://www.september28.org/take-action/

 

If you wish to have materials translated into other languages to accommodate different contexts, we can easily assist you with translation and design.
So check out the website – explore, get inspired, and connect with other groups and individuals, and together let’s build towards a powerful global day of action to demand access to safe and legal abortion!

 

In Solidarity,

WGNRR Team

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